„Tell me and i will forget. Teach me and I will remember. Involve me and I will learn. ” Benjamin Franklin
KSA 100 – What is it?
KSA 100, in which 100 denotes the number of the subject field, K stands for knowledge S – for skills and A – for attitudes, is a specialist subject area newly introduced by EASA, which is relevant for the EASA ATPL and CPL pilot training and is used in both modular and integrated training (theory and practice).
Basically, different factors led to extensive changes to the EASA syllabus for ATPL, MPL and CPL being necessary. One of them was
– the urgent need for more safety in aviation,
– the partly outdated learning objectives (the last extensive update of the syllabus and the LOs for ATPL, MPL, CPL and IR was carried out in 2006)
– this ambitious endeavor to carry out training in sync with rapidly advancing technological developments and thus to meet the constantly changing training needs of future pilots
– as well as the endeavor to transform training in an active, multidimensional learning and teaching process.
As a consequence of this, the decision was made to design the training for prospective pilots in a holistic manner in which the continuous development of knowledge, skills and attitude is the focus during the entire training and the students are to be suitably prepared for their future professional lives. The concept of TEM – threat and error management – was introduced, the learning objectives and the EASA QB were extensively revised.
In Decision 2018/001 / R of the European Aviation Authority, all the changes and new regulations regarding syllabi, ECQB and LOs are summarized. A tchange over window of approx. 4 years until January 31, 2022 is considered a transition period in order to allow all the aviation organizations and aviation authorities the necessary time to implement the planned changes.
How will KSA 100 be taught and tested at Cranfield Aviation Training School (Germany)? What will change in the ATPL and CPL training courses at Cranfield?
The primary goal of KSA 100 is to improve the quality of the training and to shift the training from a passive learning process to a diverse learning experience in which active participation according to Benjamin Franklin’s statement: “Tell me and I forget, teach myself and I remember, involve myself and learn “plays a crucial role. Each student will be encouraged not only to acquire knowledge, but to develop their future skills and attitudes as a captain in the most effective way to meet the future needs and demands of the professional aviation industry. In this way, 100 KSA becomes an essential part of the entire theoretical training course – from the beginning until the last theory test is completed and beyond.
The realigned TM stipulates that all CPL & ATPL students
– 3 KSA 100 introductory lessons,
– at least 1 Mental Maths test (mental arithmetic tasks),
– at least 1 formative assessment
– as well as successfully completing two summative assessments.
The exercises and the assessemets are based on a technical level but also require interdisciplinary knowledge from the entire ATPL or CPL theory knowledge. The summative assessments are carried out using TEM (threat and error management) in scenario-based training. During the evaluation, especially with the summative assessments, the following criteria and characteristics are observed and assessed by the instructors – communication; Leadership and teamwork; Problem solving and decision making; Situational awareness and workload management.